Skip to main content

Trusted Health Information from the National Institutes of Health

Testicular Cancer

April is Testicular Cancer Awareness Month

Most common cancer among men ages 20 to 35 

This April, during Testicular Cancer Awareness Month, spread the word about the most common cancer among men ages 20 to 35. 

Testicular cancer affects the testicles, or testes, which make sperm and are organs of the male reproductive system. This cancer is more common in white men and men who have had abnormal testicle development, had an undescended testicle, or a history of the cancer. 

Most cases can be treated successfully, even if diagnosed late. But, for better outcomes, awareness and regular health checkups are important. 

Symptoms of testicular cancer can include pain, swelling, or lumps in the testicles or groin area. If you or someone you love notices any of these signs, talk to a health care provider as soon as possible, to rule out other conditions. 

In 2016, there were an estimated 263,137 men living with testicular cancer in the U.S., Testicular cancer represented approximately 0.5% of all new cancer cases in the U.S. in 2019, From 2012–2016, there were four times as many cases of testicular cancer in white males as compared to black males, From 2009–2015, there was a 95.2% survival rate after 5 years

Alternative accessible version (pdf)