Latest health fast facts

COVID-19 and risk of early birth

Pregnant people with COVID-19 are at increased risk for preterm birth.

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Preeclampsia in the U.S.

1/25

Preeclampsia happens in about 1 in 25 pregnancies in the United States.

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Vaccines during pregnancy

Did you know? Vaccines can help protect you and your developing baby against serious diseases. Talk to your health care provider about which ones are right for you.

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Gestational diabetes in the U.S.

In the U.S., about 6% to 9% of pregnant women develop gestational diabetes.

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Stillbirth disparity in United States

2X

In the U.S., stillbirths are more than twice as likely among Black women than among white women.

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

X and Y chromosomes

Did you know? Females have two copies of the X chromosome, while males have one X and one Y chromosome.

Source: MedlinePlus

Migraine in last three months

15%

Over 15% of Americans aged 18 or older report having had a migraine or a severe headache in the last three months.

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Black women and pregnancy complications

4X

Black women are three to four times more likely to die of pregnancy-related causes than white women.

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Cancer in children

Cancer is the leading cause of death from disease among children.

Source: National Cancer Institute

RMS is often diagnosed in kids and teens

Most cases of RMS are diagnosed in children and teens, with more than half in children under 10.

Source: National Cancer Institute

Childhood cancer diagnosis

15k

About 15,000 children under age 20 are diagnosed with cancer each year in the United States.

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Headaches and emergency care

Headaches overall account for about 3% of all emergency department visits annually in the United States.

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Trigger foods for migraines

Certain foods—like alcohol, chocolate, cheese, and yeast—can trigger migraines, especially when combined with other triggers.

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Length of juvenile arthritis symptoms

The symptoms of juvenile arthritis may last a few months or years, or throughout a child's life.

Source: National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases

Juvenile idiopathic arthritis happens before age 16

Juvenile idiopathic arthritis, or juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, begins in children and adolescents before they turn 16.

Source: National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases

Sprain or strain?

A sprain is a stretched or torn ligament, which connects bones at a joint. Ankle and wrist sprains are common. Strains are a torn muscle or tendon that often happen while playing a sport. Back and hamstring muscle strains are common.

Source: MedlinePlus

Treat sports injuries with RICE

Sports injuries are first treated with
R-I-C-E: Rest, Ice, Compression (pressure on the injury), Elevation (raise the injured area above the heart).

Source: National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases

Cystic fibrosis diagnosed by 2 years of age

Most people with cystic fibrosis are diagnosed before age 2, but some people are also diagnosed as adults.

Source: Cystic Fibrosis Foundation

Adult fruit and vegetable recommendation

For adults, the recommended daily amount of fruits and vegetables is 1.5 to 2 cups of fruit and 2 to 3 cups of vegetables.

Source: National Institutes of Health

Type 1 diabetes can be diagnosed at any age

Type 1 diabetes is usually diagnosed in kids and teens, but it can develop at any age.

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Hypothyroidism is most common in women

Hypothyroidism, or an underactive thyroid, is most common in women and in people over the age of 60.

Source: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases

Thyroid hormones affect energy and weight

Thyroid hormones affect a person's physical energy, temperature, weight, and mood.

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Ovarian cancer mortality

Ovarian cancer causes more deaths each year in the U.S. than any other gynecologic cancer.

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Chance of getting ovarian cancer

A woman's risk of getting ovarian cancer during her lifetime is about
1 in 78.

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Ovarian cancer survival rate

The five-year survival rate for ovarian cancer is 49%.

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Prevalence of ovarian cancer in U.S.

illustration of the female reproductive system

Ovarian cancer is the second most common gynecologic cancer in the U.S.

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Medicine and surgery manage most epilepsies

For roughly 70 percent of people with epilepsy, seizures can be controlled with modern medicines and surgery.

Source: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke

People with epilepsy in U.S.

2.3 million adults and more than 450,000 kids and teens in the U.S. live with epilepsy.

Source: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke

Seizures have multiple causes

Having a seizure does not mean someone has epilepsy. Other causes can include very high blood sugar in diabetics or eclampsia during or after pregnancy.

Source: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke

More than 500,000 people will participate in RADx-UP testing program

500k

Did you know? It's estimated that more than 500,000 people across 33 states will participate in the RADx-UP COVID-19 testing program.

Source: National Institutes of Health

Funding for COVID-19 research

$3.6b

Did you know? As of March 2021, NIH has received more than $3.6 billion to fund important COVID-19 research.

Source: National Institutes of Health

Long COVID symptoms

Long COVID is a range of symptoms that can last weeks or months after first being infected with the virus that causes COVID-19.

Source: National Institutes of Health

Depression affects about 16 million adults

16m

Depression affects about 16 million U.S. adults every year.

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Mask guidelines if you’re not fully vaccinated

Surgical mask illustration

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends that those who are not fully vaccinated from COVID-19 continue to wear masks in many situations. Check the CDC for the latest guidance.

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Research Studies

Research studies are conducted in 50 states and in 219 countries.

Source: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Antibodies are proteins that fight infection

antibodies illustration

Antibodies are proteins made by our immune systems that can fight infection and help prevent future infections.

Source: U.S. Food and Drug Administration; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Health disparities in COVID-19 hospitalizations

4x

African American, Hispanic/Latino, and American Indian/Alaska Native people are around four times more likely to be hospitalized with COVID-19 than White people.

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

COVID-19 vaccine does not change your DNA

DNA illustration

COVID-19 vaccines do not change or interact with your DNA in any way.

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Possible COVID-19 vaccine side effects

Possible COVID-19 vaccine side effects are swelling and redness at the injection site, fatigue, headache, or slight fever. These are normal signs that your body is building protection.

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Stuttering in children

10%

Approximately 5% to 10% of all children will stutter for some period in their life.

Source: National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders

COVID-19 testing locations

Did you know? COVID-19 testing can take place in a lab, during a health visit with your provider, or at home.

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Wash your hands

If soap and water are not available, use a hand sanitizer that contains at least 60% alcohol.

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Depression symptoms

Depression can happen at any age, but often symptoms begin in the teens or early 20s or 30s.

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Depression and anxiety diagnoses often increase with age

Diagnoses of depression and anxiety are more common with increased age.

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

11.2% of adults have regular feelings of anxiety

11.2%

11.2% of adults 18 and over have regular feelings of worry, nervousness, or anxiety.

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

More than 7% of children have anxiety

7%

More than 7% of children aged 3 to 17 have been diagnosed with anxiety in the U.S.

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

The National Library of Medicine Network

Did you know? The National Library of Medicine coordinates a network of more than 8,000 academic health science libraries, hospitals and public libraries, and community organizations to promote health literacy and provide access to health information across the U.S.

Source: National Library of Medicine

When you’ve been fully vaccinated

Generally, you are considered fully vaccinated either two weeks after your second dose of the Moderna or Pfizer vaccines, or two weeks after your single dose of the Johnson & Johnson vaccine.

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Palliative care support for siblings

Did you know? Pediatric palliative care can include support for siblings.

Source: National Institute of Nursing Research

20% of people develop chronic low back pain

20%

About 20% of people with acute low back pain develop chronic low back pain at one year.

Source: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke

Physical activity can help with sleep

Did you know? Exercise can help you to fall asleep faster and stay asleep longer.

Source: MedlinePlus

Changing activity due to low back pain

Between 6% and 10% of workers stopped working, changed jobs, or made a change in activity because of low back pain.

Source: National Health Interview Survey

Losing 10% of weight can delay disease

5% to 10%

If you have obesity, losing even 5% to 10% of your weight can delay or prevent diabetes, heart disease, stroke, and arthritis.

Source: MedlinePlus

Balance exercises can prevent falls

Did you know? Doing Tai Chi or other balance exercises can help prevent falls.

Source: MedlinePlus

Kidney transplant wait times can vary widely

Wait times for a kidney transplant can range from a few months to years.

Source: National Institute on Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases

1 in 4 working adults has low back pain

More than one in four working adults experience low back pain.

Source: National Health Interview Survey

7% of children and teens have high total cholesterol

7%

7% of U.S. children and adolescents have high total cholesterol.

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Your age, sex, and eating patterns affect cholesterol

Age, sex, eating patterns, and physical activity level can affect cholesterol levels.

Source: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

1 in 6 adults has high cholesterol

1 in 6

One in every six U.S. adults has high cholesterol.

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Loneliness linked to higher risk for dementia

Loneliness and social isolation have been linked to poorer cognitive function and higher risk for dementia, including and especially for Alzheimer's disease.

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Healthy food may reduce chances of colon polyps

Research suggests eating more fruits, vegetables, and fiber may reduce your chances of developing colon polyps.

Source: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases

Adults have about 2 to 3 colds per year

Every year, adults have an average of 2 to 3 colds, and children have even more.

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Frequency of adult cholesterol testing

cholesterol illustration

Roughly two-thirds of U.S. adults report getting their cholesterol checked in the last 5 years.

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Opioid use during pregnancy in 2019

7% 

According to 2019 self-reported data, about 7% of women used prescription opioid pain relievers while pregnant.

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

1 in 500 babies are born hard-of-hearing

1 in 500 babies in the U.S. are born deaf or hard-of-hearing.

Source: Centers for Disease Control Prevention

American Heart Month

Did you know? February marks American Heart Month.

Source: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

Physical activity can improve mood

Did you know that staying active can improve your mood and reduce feelings of depression?

Source: National Institute on Aging

Palliative care is different from hospice care

Did you know? Palliative care can be given at any age and at any stage of an illness, while hospice care focuses on a person’s final stages of life.

Source: National Institute of Nursing Research

Treating dry skin

Have dry skin? Lotions and creams, a humidifier, and avoiding hot showers can help.

Source: National Institute on Aging

Palliative Care and Your Health Care Provider

You do not give up your own health care provider to get palliative care.

Source: National Institute of Nursing Research

More than 80 autoimmune conditions

>80

More than 80 diseases occur as a result of the immune system attacking the body's own organs, tissues, and cells.

Source: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Health disparities in pregnancy-related deaths

3x

Black and American Indian/Alaska Native women are about three times as likely to die from a pregnancy-related cause, compared with white women.

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Breast cancer 5 year survival rate is 99 percent

99%

If breast cancer is confined to the breast, the 5-year survival rate is 99%.

Source: National Cancer Institute

More than 1 in 5 students reported bullying

More than 1 in 5 middle school and high school students reported being bullied at school in the last year.

Source: National Center for Education Statistics

20.4% of adults have chronic pain

20.4%

In 2016, 20.4% of U.S. adults reported having chronic pain.

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

2 to 14 days for COVID-19 symptoms

2–14

Did you know? COVID-19 symptoms can appear anywhere from 2–14 days after exposure.

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Flu hospitalizes 200,000 annually

Each year in the U.S., the seasonal flu hospitalizes 200,000 people and kills more than 36,000.

Source: National Institutes of Health

Hospice care is a type of palliative care

Palliative care is not the same as hospice care. Palliative care can be given at any point during a serious illness, while hospice care happens near the end of life.

Source: National Institute of Nursing Research

1 in 8 women will get breast cancer

1 in 8

1 in 8 women in the U.S. will get breast cancer during her life.

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Breast cancer death rate fell 13%

13%

From 1990 to 2017, the breast cancer death rate fell 13% in the U.S.

Source: National Cancer Institute

Boys are twice as likely to use vapes

2x

About twice as many boys use vapes than girls.

Source: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

7 in 10 teens are exposed to e-cigarette ads

7

7 in 10 teens are exposed to e-cigarette advertising.

Source: National Institutes of Health

7 out of 10 high school smokers use e-cigarettes

7

7 out of 10 high school cigarette smokers also use e-cigarettes.

Source: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

37 percent of 12th graders vape

37%

About 37% of 12th graders reported vaping in 2018, compared with 28% in 2017.

Source: National Institutes of Health

More than 60 percent of teens experimented with vapes

>60%

More than 60% of teens say they vape to experiment and see what it's like.

Source: National Institute on Drug Abuse

1 in 4 high school seniors vaped nicotine

1 in 4 

1 in 4 high school seniors say they vaped nicotine in the past month.

Source: National Institute on Drug Abuse

6 to 9 percent of pregnant women have gestational diabetes

 

In the U.S., roughly 6% to 9% of pregnant women develop gestational diabetes.

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

12% of women have trouble getting pregnant

12%

About 12% of women in the U.S. ages 15 to 44 have difficulty getting pregnant or carrying a pregnancy to term.

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Birth before 37 weeks is a preterm birth

37

A birth that occurs before 37 weeks of pregnancy is considered a preterm birth.

Source: National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

Stroke

795k 

Each year approximately 795,000 Americans have a stroke.

Source: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke

Traumatic brain injury

283k 

From 2010 to 2016, about 283,000 children visited the emergency room each year for sports- and recreation-related traumatic brain injuries in the U.S.

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Alzheimer’s disease

5m 

In 2014, as many as 5 million Americans were living with Alzheimer's disease.

Source: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke

Marijuana use

2x 

Past month marijuana vaping among 12th graders nearly doubled from 2018 to 2019.

Source: National Institute on Drug Abuse

Menopause

 

Menopause usually begins between ages 45 and 55 and can last between 7 and 14 years.

Source: National Institute on Aging

Clinical trials

 

There are approximately 56,000 clinical research studies currently seeking participants.

Source: National Institutes of Health

Hand washing

 

Washing your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds can help protect you and others from infectious diseases like COVID-19.

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Alcohol use disorder

15m 

An estimated 15 million people in the United States have alcohol use disorder.

Source: National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism

Flu vaccination

 

Everyone 6 months and older should get a flu vaccine each year.

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Sjögren’s syndrome

9x 

Women are nine times more likely to have Sjögren's syndrome than men.

Source: National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research

Autism

4x 

Boys are four times more likely than girls to be diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder.

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention